European Forum

The European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity was founded in 1993. We are a platform for co-operation between social democratic parties and political foundations and aim to contribute to the development of (social-) democracy in Eastern & South Eastern Europe and the Caucasus. Within the European Forum 12 political foundations and 20 parties are active.

Country Updates, the current state of democracy in the following countries:

Latest Country Updates

Latest update: Thu 29 Jan 2015

Tunisia

Thu 29 Jan 2015 Three years after the Arab Spring and the ousting of dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali the political landscape of Tunisia has seen a shift in the broad support for the moderate Islamist party to a backing of the secular wing. This appeared in the results of the second democratic parliamentary elections on 26 October 2014 as the liberal Nidaa Tounes party has beaten the moderate Islamist Ennahda movement and became the biggest party in the country.

Also, the first free presidential elections on 23 November and 21 December 2014 reflected this shift in Tunisia’s political landscape. Beji Caid Essebsi, leader of the secularist Nidaa Tounes party, claimed victory in the second round run-off over the interim President of Tunisia, Moncef Marzouki. Essebsi has become the first directly-elected President of Tunisia. Read full update

Moldova

Mon 26 Jan 2015 Moldova is one of the poorest countries in Europe, unemployment is high, and the country is heavily dependent upon remittances from thousands of Moldovans working abroad. A large part of the Moldovan population is Romanian-speaking, although there are also Russian and Ukrainian minorities. The communists had been the ruling party in the former Soviet state from 1998 until 2009. Since 2009 Moldova became more pro-western. Moldova currently aspires to join the European Union, and has implemented the first three-year Action Plan within the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), and has signed a far-reaching Association Agreement with the EU in 2014. Since the parliamentary elections in 2014, this pro-European Union agenda has continued to exist as the pro-European parties gained a majority of 55 seats in parliament, despite the Socialist Party’s victory of the election. However, the possibility that Moldova becomes a serious candidate to be a European member state in the near future is slim. This is partly due to the deterrent political cooperation within the government and the most dominant and urgent domestic conflict over the pro-Russian breakaway region Transnistria that must be resolved before Moldova can strengthen its ties with the European Union. Read full update

TunisiaTunisia

Thu 29 Jan 2015 Three years after the Arab Spring and the ousting of dictator Zine El Abidine Ben Ali the political landscape of Tunisia has seen a shift in the broad support for the moderate Islamist party to a backing of the secular wing. This appeared in the results of the second democratic parliamentary elections on 26 October 2014 as the liberal Nidaa Tounes party has beaten the moderate Islamist Ennahda... Read full update

MoldovaMoldova

Mon 26 Jan 2015 Moldova is one of the poorest countries in Europe, unemployment is high, and the country is heavily dependent upon remittances from thousands of Moldovans working abroad. A large part of the Moldovan population is Romanian-speaking, although there are also Russian and Ukrainian minorities. The communists had been the ruling party in the former Soviet state from 1998 until 2009. Since 2009... Read full update

TurkeyTurkey

Tue 13 Jan 2015 The results of the 2007 elections strengthened the Justice and Development Party (AK party). However, in 2008, the party faced closure and a ban for its high-ranking officials by the Constitutional Court as a result of amendments prposed by the AKP concerning a reversal on the ban of head scarves in universities. Therefore, the party had become a point of anti-secular activities; something that... Read full update

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