European Forum

The European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity was founded in 1993. We are a platform for co-operation between social democratic parties and political foundations and aim to contribute to the development of (social-) democracy in Eastern & South Eastern Europe and the Caucasus. Within the European Forum 12 political foundations and 20 parties are active.

Country Updates, the current state of democracy in the following countries:

Latest Country Updates

Latest update: Thu 28 Jan 2016

Lebanon

Thu 28 Jan 2016 Politics in in Lebanon are based on a post-civil war imposed sectarian system. The presidency is reserved for a Christian, the Prime Minister post for a Sunni and the post of parliament speaker for a Shi’ite. Divisions within the sectarian groups, as well as those between the March 14 Alliance and March 8 Alliance have left the country in a political deadlock for months. Lebanon has been without a President for over a year and a half and a national dialogue aimed at ending the power vacuum has not resulted in progress. Several parties, including Hezbollah, have boycotted parliament. As a result, Parliament has been paralyzed. The ongoing waste crisis in the country sparked protests, while 1.3 million Syrian refugees increased tensions even more. The ongoing Syrian civil war has led to increased polarization in the country, while both Iran and Saudi Arabia wield influence through the rival alliances.
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Palestinian Territories

Thu 28 Jan 2016 In September 2015 the UN General Assembly approved a proposal to raise the Palestinian
flag at its headquarters, a symbolically important move. Still, its status is not recognized by the United Nations, Israel and major Western nations such as the United States. Previously, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas submitted a request to join the United Nations as a full member state in 2011, but stalled this request a year later. Instead he pursued a ‘non-member observer status’, which was granted in 2012. Relations between Fatah and Hamas have been tense. A unity government formed in 2014 was forced to resign in June 2015 after it failed to operate in the Gaza strip. The closing of the Rafah border crossing with Egypt and continued Israeli –Hamas violence have deteriorated conditions in the Gaza Strip, leading to more resistance. The creation of the state of Israel and the strive for the restoration of a Palestinian state has been at the heart of the Middle Eastern conflicts. Read full update

LebanonLebanon

Thu 28 Jan 2016 Politics in in Lebanon are based on a post-civil war imposed sectarian system. The presidency is reserved for a Christian, the Prime Minister post for a Sunni and the post of parliament speaker for a Shi’ite. Divisions within the sectarian groups, as well as those between the March 14 Alliance and March 8 Alliance have left the country in a political deadlock for months. Lebanon has been... Read full update

Palestinian TerritoriesPalestinian Territories

Thu 28 Jan 2016 In September 2015 the UN General Assembly approved a proposal to raise the Palestinian
flag at its headquarters, a symbolically important move. Still, its status is not recognized by the United Nations, Israel and major Western nations such as the United States. Previously, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas submitted a request to join the United Nations as a full member state in 2011, but... Read full update

LibyaLibya

Wed 27 Jan 2016 With the successful conduct of the first ever free national elections held on 7 July 2012, Libya has entered a second phase in the transition towards becoming a democracy. After almost 42 years under the autocratic regime of Gaddafi the people of Libya have taken over control in their country, paying the price of undergoing the most violent conflict between government and citizens among the... Read full update

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