Last update: 1 year ago

On 17 February 2008, the Republic of Kosovo unilaterally called out its independence. The formerly autonomous province of Serbia consists of around 92% ethnic Albanians and has several minorities, mainly Serbs. Kosovo’s independence has been recognised by roughly half of UN members while Serbia opposes Kosovo’s independence. Five EU member states do not recognise its independence, thus hampering an EU position on the status of Kosovo. Over the past years, the country has been struggling with its official status, its relation with Serbia and integration with the EU. Tensions and incidents remain in Kosovo, especially in the north, were the ethnic Serb majority does not recognise the authority and presence of the government in Pristina. On 19 April 2013, the EU brokered "First agreement of principles governing the normalisation of relations" was signed by Pristina and Belgrade and on 25 August 2015, another important agreement was reached between the two sides that is a “landmark achievement in the normalisation process.”

Relations between Kosovo and Serbia deteriorated after Kosovo was denied access to Interpol in November 2018. After the rejection, Kosovo’s Prime Minister, Ramush Haradinaj, announced that taxes on import goods from Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina would rise from 10% to 100 %. In August of 2019, it was speculated that both countries would agree on a border-correction which would open the way to the recognition of Kosovo. The speculation sparked anger among opposition parties and polls showed that in both countries a majority was against a border-correction deal. The EU-led Serbia-Kosovo talks about reignition of Kosovo broke down after tariffs were put in place. In the fall of 2020 Kosovo and Serbia seemed to be making progress under the supervision of the US. However, only some minor economic deals were agreed upon in the end. With the 2021 election win of Vetenvendosje and Albin Kuti, the Kosovan government is expected to take a tougher stance in its negotiations with Serbia.

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Map of Kosovo

Short facts

1,806,279 (World Bank 2021)
Governmental Type:
Last Elections:
14 February 2021 (parliamentary elections)
Next Elections:
2025 (parliamentary elections)
Sister Parties:
Image of Vjosa Osmani (Source: Wikimedia )

Vjosa Osmani


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Image of Albin Kurti

Albin Kurti

Prime Minister

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Political Situation

Kosovo is a multi-party parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Kosovo is the head of government, and the President of Kosovo is the head of state. Until 2012 the EU deployed, in cooperation with the International Steering Group for Kosovo. This was a special International Civilian Representative in Kosovo who had the "ability to annul decisions or laws adopted by Kosovo authorities and sanction and remove public officials whose actions he/she determines to be inconsistent" with the Ahtisaari Plan. Since 2012 Kosovo has been responsible for overseeing its own governance.

The Kosovo Assembly, which was constituted as part of the UNMIK regulations on the Provisional Institutions of Self-Government, consists of 120 seats of which a maximum of 100 are distributed proportionally among the political parties based on the number of votes. Twenty additional seats are reserved for non-Albanian communities, of whom the Serbs can claim 10. Kosovo is a single electoral district. The Assembly elects the country’s President for a five-year term. However, after the 2011 election of Behgjet Pacolli, as president was ruled unconstitutional, he was replaced by outsider Atifete Jahjaga. The Assembly decided to reform the electoral code to allow for the President to be elected by popular vote. As of April 2016, Hashim Thaçi, of the Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK) was appointed as president of the country. Meanwhile, relations between Serbia and Kosovo were inproving in 2015, through an agreement on the normalisation of their relations

The agreement included deals on energy, telecommunications, the bridge that divides the town of Mitrovica into a Serbian and Albanian part and the Association of Serbian Municipalities (ASM). The ASM will be “a legal entity defined by a statute and will to promote the interests of the Kosovo Serb community in its relations with the Kosovo central authorities.” According to the plan, 10 municipalities with a Serbian majority will have their own assembly with an elected president, and with their own flag, but will be subject to Kosovo law. The agreement led to tensions in the parliament of Kosovo as the opposition party: Vetevendosje MPs threw eggs at PM Isa Mustafa, and later used tear gas in parliament to express their anger. Vetevendosje has succeeded in mobilising the young urban vote, winning the local elections in Pristina and gaining 14% of the voters at the 2014 general elections.

At the same time, they are the only political party of relevance that has made serious work of developing (social) policies. They also organised protests in the street against the Belgrade-Pristina agreement, leading to confrontations between protesters and the police. On August 3rd 2015, parliament amended the constitution to allow the creation of a special EU backed court to examine war crimes allegedly committed by ethnic Albanian guerrillas during the 1998-1999 war. Since then the European Council approved a 1 year budget in June 2016. The Kosovo specialist chambers also adopted its Rules of Procedure and Evidence, which means that the court could be judicially operational from May 2017 onward.

EU - Kosovo - Serbia

As a consequence of the ongoing tensions, the dialogue between Belgrade and Pristina was put on hold by the Serbian government, but since Serbia became an EU candidate state in 2013, more EU pressure was put on Serbia to achieve progress. The dialogue between the two countries intensified in 2018. To normalise the relationship, the presidents of Serbia and Kosovo, Aleksandar Vucic (Serbian Progressive Party, SNS) and Hashim Thaci (Democratic Party of Kosovo, PDK), were proposing a so-called land swap, but there is much resistance to that plan, especially in Kosovo.

According to the plan the North of Kosovo would be added to Serbia. Thaci argues that the possible border correction is not about the ethnicity of that area, but about a peaceful border, mutual recognition and EU integration. The land swap along ethnic lines is, however, highly controversial in Serbia, Kosovo, and neighbouring countries, and can potentially destabilise the region. Tensions were again raised after Kosovo was denied access to Interpol, which they blame on Serbia. Serbia expressed their satisfaction with the denial. This was the third time Kosovo was denied accession. Kosovo already applied for membership in 2015 and 2016.

A day after the rejection, Kosovo Prime Minister at the time, Ramush Haradinaj, announced that taxes on import goods from Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina would rise from 10 to 100 per cent. The earlier announced 10 per cent was a reaction to what Kosovo considers unfriendly behaviour of Serbia and Bosnia. Haradinaj called the attitude of Serbia and Bosnia towards Kosovo hostile. The EU foreign policy chief, Federica Mogherini, urged Kosovo to revoke the decision of the import tariff because of it being a violation of the Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA). After the tariffs, lawmakers in Kosovo passed legislation to build a full-fledged army; a move that has inflamed tensions with Serbia again. The legislation will double the size of the Kosovo Security Force and gradually transform it into a professional army of 5,000 troops. At a UN Security Council session the Serbian President, Aleksandar Vucic, claimed it would jeopardise peace. Kosovo’s president Hashim Thaci, however, defended Pristina’s decision to transform its security force into an army.

In the fall of 2020 Kosovo and Serbia seemed to be taking several steps in the right direction, as Kosovan- and Serbian delegates were summoned to the White House by President Donald Trump. Under the supervision of the United States, representatives of the two countries were negotiating on the normalisation of relations between the countries. In the end only some minor economic agreements were signed and little was left of the percieved momentum.

The end of 2020 proved a turning point for the country's politics, after several unstable political years. Early elections were already called in 2017 and 2019, with several governing coalitions preceding eachother. The governing coalition of the Self-determination movement (Vetenvendosje) and Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK) fell amid the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. The government under Vetenvendosje Prime Minister Albin Kurti was ousted after a vote of no confidence. There was disagreement on the government's handling of the COVID-19 health crisis in Kosovo.

The LDK formed a new coalition with several minor parties, which was installed in June of 2020. This government was also short lived. Because one of the 61 MPs, out of a total of 120 MPs, who voted in favour of the government's instalment had previously served prison time, the court rendered his vote illegal. Without his vote, the installment of the government did not pass with a majoirty of the votes. As a consequence, early elections were called by the country's acting President Vjosa Osmani. She was installed after the International Court in The Hague charged Kosovo's previous president Thaçi for "crimes against humanity and war crimes" during the 2008 Kosovan war for independence.

With the big election win of Vetenvendosje in the 2021 parliamentary elections, normalisation of relations between Kosovo and Serbia might be further away than ever. Vetenvendosje leader Albin Kurti is expected to take a hard stance in the negotiation process with Serbia. He even stated that he is a proponent of Kosovo joining Albania, which is the opposite of what Serbia wants. 

EU - Kosovo relations

Kosovo has expressed a desire to join the EU and welcomed a feasibility study in 2012 to look at the possibilities for joining, but their ties with Serbia and the divide in the EU on accepting Kosovo’s independence continuously raise concerns. As unanimity among EU member states is demanded the establishment of contractual relations with a country and not all member states recognise its independence; Kosovo is the only Balkan country without contractual relations with the EU. Citizens of Kosovo are the last people in the region that still need a visa to enter the EU. In 2015 the Group for Legal and Political Studies (GLPS), a Kosovo think-tank, found that it was difficult for Kosovo to reach the requirements of the European Commission because of  “much higher benchmarks” than those imposed on other West Balkan states and the fact that the roadmap that Kosovo received is “open to amendments by the European Commission”. While the European Commission (EC) has aimed to give the region a real EU perspective through a Stabilization and Association Process, developments concerning Kosovo have remained problematic. The EU is still divided on accepting Kosovo’s independence; five EU member states have not recognised its independence. 

Tensions in north Kosovo

In July 2011 tensions increased after Kosovo special police forces tried to take control of the two border crossings in Serb-dominated northern Kosovo (north of the river Ibar). Prime Minister at that time Thaci decided to send in the police after EULEX failed to impose Kosovo’s government ban on the import of Serbian goods and to establish Republic of Kosovo customs at the border. This was done without the consultation of either Serbia or KFOR/EULEX. One Kosovo police officer got killed and the police retreated from the border crossing after which local Serbs burned down the crossing and KFOR troops took over control of the border. Serbs from the north of Kosovo decided to set up barricades on the main roads and constructed alternative gravel roads.

Though tensions between the two sides eased somewhat after the intervention of KFOR forces, they continued to remain high amid concerns from the EU, who criticised Kosovo for the unilateral provocation. Throughout 2012 the security situation in the north remained problematic; the Kosovo government was not able to exercise control in the north. By investing money they tried to involve the Serb citizens in Kosovo institutions. However, this has not resulted in an increased willingness of Serbs in north Kosovo to accept Kosovo institutions and, with that, an independent Kosovo. An unofficial referendum in February showed 99% of Serbs in northern Kosovo reject the writ of Kosovo's institutions. In April, hundreds of ethnic Albanians, especially from the north of Kosovo, demonstrated against the ineffectiveness of the institutions and international bodies with the aim of putting a stop to the violence. 

Social Democracy in Kosovo

In Kosovo, social democracy has always been overshadowed by the nationalist struggle for autonomy and later for independence. In recent years, a few social-democratic political parties have emerged, such as the Kosovo Social Democratic Party, Reformist Party ORA, and New Spirit (FER). However, due to the political situation, these parties do not have much popular support and have merged with stronger political parties which focus more on territorial integrity and the independence of Kosovo. Politics in Kosovo is often more about personalities than policy, with ideology for the most part reserved to the national question, while social policy is mostly developed without serious political debate.

Nowadays Vetevendosje is considered as the best alternative on the left and the only party that is trying to develop and implement social democratic policies. At the same time, international partners are not eager to engage in cooperation with Vetevendosje because of their behaviour in and outside the parliament and nationalistic views. The party is still open to the option of Kosovo joining Albania. The Social Democratic Party (PSD) only existed on paper in the past ten years, but in 2018 9 MPs and the Major of Pristina reestablished the PSD after they split from the Vetevendosje party. In recent elections, the PSD ran together with the Alliance for Future of Kosovo party. They managed to get 11,57 per cent of the votes resulting in 14 seats in the parliament. After the 2021 parliamentary elections the party is no longer represented in Kosovo's assembly. Vetenvendosje was the election's big winner and is hoping to improve the country's economy by implementing social policies. 

Serbs in Kosovo

About 8 per cent of the population of Kosovo is Serbian. The Serb population of Kosovo is concentrated in its northern and southern areas. Serbs in the south generally live in enclaves that are separated from the Albanian territories by roadblocks and/or bridges. Especially the divided town of Mitrovica experiences tensions, causing a temporary closure of the bridge between the Southern Albanian dominated area and the Northern Serb dominated area. About 18 per cent of the Kosovo Serbs live north of the river Ibar in North Mitrovica. The place has a strong symbolic meaning to Serbs, as it is the only Serbian urban centre in Kosovo with a university and hospital. In March 2004 inter-ethnic violence, leaving 20 dead, further harmed the relation between Serbs and Kosovars. The outburst of violence became a point of reference for the vulnerability of the relations between the ethnic groups. At least 800 mainly Serbian homes and at least 17 Serbian religious buildings were destroyed or damaged. The call for independence in 2008 also led to riots in the north of Kosovo. Kosovo Serbs consider the declaration of independence by Pristina illegal, and a breach of international law.

During the past years, the Serbs in Serbia as well as in Kosovo have harshly criticised the failure of UNMIK and KFOR to protect the Serb population in Kosovo. Especially the removal of control posts has been a reason for fear. Personal security and freedom are the dominant concerns for the Serbian community in Kosovo. Improving the situation of the Serbian communities was one of the main points on the agenda during the status negotiations, and remains an important topic that is held under scrutiny by the international community. The Serb community is mostly concentrated in the north of Kosovo, but there are also several enclaves in the centre and south of Kosovo with a Serb majority. Because the Serbs in these enclaves are more isolated from Serbia and therefore have more connections with the ethnic Albanians they show more willingness to integrate, despite many problems and a reluctance to accept Kosovo authorities remaining.

The Serb political community is represented by the Serb list which is backed by Belgrade. Serb opposition parties have tried to gain support from local Serbs, but intimidation and even the killing of opposition figure Oliver Ivanovic have caused the Serb list to remain dominant, getting all 10 seats reserved for the Serb minority in the last elections. Oliver Ivanovic decided to run in the 2017 Kosovan local elections, with his civic initiative "SDP". During his campaign, he publicly criticised the Serbian government for supporting the Serb list. Four days before the assassination, Ivanovic confessed he feared for his safety. In the recent parliamentary elections, his PSD party announced it would cooperate with the Serb List, sparking anger amongst prominent PSD members, causing many to leave the PSD.


With Kosovo’s call for independence in 2008 UNMIK ended and a new European Union Rule of Law Mission (EULEX) took over. EULEX aims to assist and support Kosovo authorities in the area of rule of law, specifically concerning the police, judiciary and customs. EULEX is a technical mission which monitors, mentors and advises whilst retaining a number of limited executive powers. The EULEX mission has been hindered in its functioning by the fact that only 23 out of 28 EU member states have recognised Kosovo as independent, leading to internal division. The mission is therefore often criticised for being inefficient in establishing a fully functioning rule of law.

In 2014 corruption allegations were made after EULEX prosecutor Maria Bamieh was quoted in a Kosovar newspaper, saying that the EULEX’s internal investigation failed to have key suspects questioned and that they were still allowed to work on sensitive cases. Among others, she accused former judge, Francesco Florit, of taking a 300,000 Euro bribe. In 2015 a report reviewing  EULEX Kosovo mandate implementation with a focus on the handling of the corruption allegations was published, which found no evidence of corruption. The EU has started to stay committed to its leading role in Kosovo and considers the establishment of the rule of law the top priority. After demands were made for the EU to either withdraw or reform the EULEX mandate, EULEX refocused its efforts in June 2018, bringing its judicial executive part to an end while remaining active in other tasks.


In an extraordinary parliamentary session in Pristina on 17 February 2008, Kosovo unilaterally declared its independence from Serbia. Kosovo’s Prime Minister Hashim Thaci read the declaration of independence, which stated that Kosovo is dedicated to peace and stability in the region, and is looking for a good relationship with its neighbours. The declaration furthermore states that Kosovo is created along the lines of a UN plan drawn up by special representative Martti Ahtisaari, and calls for Kosovo’s independence to be supervised by the international community. Serbia was, and remains, strongly opposed against an independent Kosovo. According to the Serbian government, a solution for Kosovo must be found which both Belgrade and Pristina agree upon. As of 20 October 2015, 111 UN states have recognised the independence of Kosovo and it has become a member country of the IMF and World Bank. 23 out of 28 EU member states recognise the independence; Spain, Cyprus, Greece, Slovakia and Romania have not done so, mainly due to issues with minorities and separatist movements in their own respective countries.


The executive rule of Kosovo has, until its call for independence in 2008, been under the guidance of the United Nations, though officially being part of Serbia. Kosovo was administered by the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) and the Special Representative of the Secretary-General (SRSG). The United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 placed Kosovo under transitional UN administration pending a determination of Kosovo's future status. This Resolution entrusted UNMIK with sweeping powers to govern Kosovo, but also directed UNMIK to establish interim institutions of self-governance. Since 2001 UNMIK gradually transferred governing power to local institutions. 

UNMIK initially brought together four pillars under UN leadership: Humanitarian Affairs under the responsibility of the UNHCR, Civil Administration of the UN, Democratization and Institution-building of the OSCE, and Economic Reconstruction, Recovery and Development of the European Union (EU). With the emergency stage over, pillar I (Humanitarian Affairs), was phased out at the end of June 2000. In May 2001 a new pillar I was created to be responsible for Police and Justice under the UN. To establish and maintain security in Kosovo, NATO-led international forces with a UN mandate were deployed (KFOR).

Kosovo war

Tensions between the Serbian and Albanian communities in Kosovo simmered throughout the 20th century and occasionally erupted into major violence, particularly during the First Balkan War, World War I, and World War II. The Socialist government of Josip Tito systematically repressed nationalist manifestations throughout Yugoslavia, seeking to ensure that no republic or nationality gained dominance over the others. After the death of Tito nationalist feelings became dominant again, especially among ethnic Albanians living in Kosovo, leading to an increasingly poisonous atmosphere between Albanians and Serbs.

Tensions further increased when the autonomy that was given to Kosovo in the ’80s was revoked under the rule of Slobodan Milošević. In 1991 an unofficial referendum was held in Kosovo on the creation of an independent republic, 98 per cent voted in favour with a 90 per cent turnout. The denial of Kosovo's independence by the Serb government led to an increase in violence between the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) and the Serb authorities and finally to a situation of war in 1997. The international community demanded that the Serbs would end their offensives against the KLA whilst attempting to convince the KLA to drop their bid for independence. Moreover, attempts were made to persuade Milošević to permit NATO peacekeeping troops to enter Kosovo.

The failure of peace negotiations led to a NATO decision in 1999 to end the conflict with military means. Within ten weeks, NATO aircraft flew over 38,000 combat missions with the following aim: “Serbs out, peacekeepers in, refugees back”. On June 3, 1999, Milošević accepted the terms of an international peace plan to end the fighting, with the Serbian parliament adopting the proposal amid contentious debate with delegates coming close to fistfights at some points. According to the Kosovo Memory Book, based on the study of an NGO from both Kosovo and Serbia, around 13,000 people were killed during the conflict.


The Assembly of Kosovo was established in 2001, by the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo. Kosovo's independence was declared on 17 February 2008, after which a constitution came into effect on 15 June 2008. 

The Assembly is regulated by the Constitution of Kosovo and has 120 seats. 20 of these are pre-allocated, as follows: 

  • 10 seats for parties representing the Serbs;
  • 4 seats for the Romani, Ashkali and Egyptians;
  • 3 seats for the Bosniaks;
  • 2 seats for the Turks;
  • 1 seat for the Gorans.

Minorities in Kosovo

7 and 12 per cent of the population in Kosovo belongs to an ethnic minority. The flag of Kosovo includes six stars; each representing a minority group. Initially, the aim was to depict Kosovo as a multi-ethnic state, with a strong legal position for minorities.

As part of the efforts to secure minority rights, the Constitution guaranteed political involvement for parties representing minorities. Article 96 of Kosovo’s Constitution also regulates the share of power for minority groups in Pristina’s executive bodies. However, despite these efforts, the Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian communities in Kosovo are discriminated against, being the poorest and most vulnerable in Kosovar society. 

Not only are the laws themselves discriminatory, but implementation is also lacking. Here, it does not help that minorities tend to be grouped together by law. For example, Ashkali and Egyptians might be close as communities, but their heritages are unique.

Parliamentary elections

New Kosovan parliamentary elections were set to take place again in 2023. However, Kosovo’s highest court in December rendered the parliamentary vote electing the recently installed government in June illegal. It had become clear that one of the members of parliament, Etem Arifi who voted in favor of the instalment of the government, had been convicted in 2019. This rendered the entire formation of the government illegal, as only 61 out of 120 members had voted in favor of installing the new government. Without the vote of Etem Arifi the new government would not have received a majority of the votes. As such, snap elections were called. The current government was allowed continue serving until the upcoming parliamentary elections on 14 February 2021. Vetenvendosje was already the largest party in parliament, but blocked from government by its rivals the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK) and its political allies. With an anti-corruption and anti-establishment campagin Vetenvendosje was expected to win the elections by a landslide. 

February 2021 parliamentary elections 



% of votes


Seats in 2019

Self-Determination (Vetevendosje)





Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK)





Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK)





Alliance for the Future of Kosovo (AAK)





Serb List (SL)





Social Democratic Initiative (NISMA)



tbd 6






Turkish Democratic Party of Kosovo (KDTP)





Vakat Coalition (KV) 5,672 0.58 tbd 1
RI 3,827 0.48 tbd 1
Other parties 26,218 3.30 tbd 6

As predicted in the polls, the elections were a major victory for the opposition party Vetenvendosje. It recieved just shy of 50% of the votes. The left-wing nationalist party, under Albin Kurti, has almost doubled its vote share since 2019. The biggest governing party LDK has amost lost half of its votes, while the other established opposition party, the Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK), lost about 3% of its vote share compared to 2019. Other major parties representated in government, as the Alliance for the Future of Kosovo (AAK) and minority party Serb List (SL), also lost minor vote shares. Kosovan citizens have sent a clear message to its politics. All governing parties and established opposition parties have lost votes, at the expense of Vetenvendosje. Vetenvendosje hopes to fix the economic situation the country is in and tackle its ongoing corruption problems. It will not be difficult for the party to form a government, but once in power it faces high expectations and major obstacles to overcome. 

Political crisis

In 2019 early elections were triggered after Prime Minister Ramush Haradinaj, of the AAK, was summoned to the International Court in The Hague about allegedly commited war crimes. It took four months after the 2019 snap elections were held, following the prime minister's resignation, for the two biggest parties to reach an agreement on the formation of a new government. The deal signed on the 2nd of February stated that the leader of the Vetevendosje party, Albin Kurti, would become president and work together with the centre-right (LDK) and other smaller groups. What made it difficult to reach consensus lay in the fact that the LDK is a centre-right political party, while Vetenvendosje is identified as leftist, despite the party having clearly visible nationalist tendencies. Kurti's government did not last. The government fell after a vote of no confidence against Prime Minister Albin Kurti on 25 March 2020, which was backed by a majority of parliament 

The vote of no confidence was initiated by the junior partner in Kurti’s coalition government, LDK, and came after the dismissal of the Minister of Internal Affairs and Public Administration, Agim Veliu. Veliu is the deputy leader of the LDK, and was dismissed for “spreading panic” and because he supported President Thaci’s proposal for a state of emergency. There have been continuous clashes between Prime Minister Kurti and President Hashim Taci regarding measures to battle the coronavirus. Their latest clash came on 24 March 2020 when President Thaci asked the Constitutional Court to rule against new measures implemented by the government restricting people’s freedom of movement. He believed it would lead to “great panic, confusion, uncertainty and fear” among citizens. He insisted that citizen’s rights and freedoms can only be restricted if a state of emergency is declared by the president and is then approved by the Assembly of Kosovo. Even though the coronavirus pandemic tipped the dispute over the edge, the no-confidence vote was triggered by a much deeper disagreement about how to resolve a decades-old impasse between Kosovo and Serbia. 

After the fall of the Vetenvendosje-LDK government, the LDK seized the oppurtunity to form a new governing coalition with several minor parties. These included the Alliance for the Future of Kosovo (AAK), Social Democratic Inititative (NISMA) and minority parties Serb List (SL) and the Turkish Democratic Party of Kosovo (KDTP). In June 2020 the government was installed when 61 out of 120 MP's supported the newly formed coalition. Vetenvendosje remained the largest party in parliament and its leader Kurti became the leader of the opposition, taking over from former PDK leader Kadri Veseli. Veseli was convicted of crimes against humanity and war crimes in November 2020, after which he stepped down as party leader. During the elections, the race for the new Prime Minister of Kosovo was also ongoing. Kurti of Vetenvendosje, Hoti of the LDK and Hoxhaj of the PDK were in the running to become the next Prime Minister of Kosovo. The election results clearly put Kurti in pole position. Due to his time spent in prison, he is not allowed to become a member of parliament, but he can be appointed by his party as Prime Minister of Kosovo. As it will not be difficult for Vetenvendosje to form a government, Kurti is expected to become Kosovo's new prime minister. 

Presidential elections

Hashim Thaçi was elected as Kosovo’s president on 26 February 2016, upon receiving 71 of the 120 MPs votes. He was installed as President on 7 April 2016. He served as president of Kosovo untill November 2020, when he was also convicted of crimes against humanity and war crimes. Thaçi stepped down as president to protect the integrity of the presidency of Kosovo. Since then Vjosa Osmani has been serving as acting president of Kosovo. As Thaçi has stepped down, early presidential elections are expected to take place in early 2021. Vjosa Osmani is backed by her own initiative, as well as the country's largest party after the 2021 parliamentary elections, Vetenvendosje. This in combination with her current role as acting president makes her the most likely next official president of Kosovo. 

Political parties

(Social) Democratic Parties

Logo of Democratic Party of Kosovo (Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democratic_Party_of_Kosovo#/media/File:Partia_Demokratike_e_Kosov%C3%ABs.svg)

Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK)

Party Leader: Memli Krasniqi

Number of seats: 20


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Logo of Democratic League of Kosovo (Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democratic_League_of_Kosovo#/media/File:Lidhja_Demokratike_e_Kosov%C3%ABs_(logo).svg)

Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK)

Party Leader: Avdullah Hoti

Number of seats: 15


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Other Parties

Logo of Vetevendosje (Self-Determination)

Vetevendosje (Self-Determination) (LVV)

Party Leader: Albin Kurti

Number of seats: 56


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Logo of Serb List

Serb List (SL)

Party Leader: Goran Rakić

Number of seats: 12


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Logo of Alliance for the Future of Kosovo  (Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alliance_for_the_Future_of_Kosovo#/media/File:Aleanca_p%C3%ABr_Ardhm%C3%ABrin%C3%AB_e_Kosov%C3%ABs.svg)

Alliance for the Future of Kosovo (AAK)

Party Leader: Ramush Haradinaj

Number of seats: 9


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Image of Albin Kurti

Albin Kurti

Prime Minister

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Image of Vjosa Osmani (Source: Wikimedia )

Vjosa Osmani


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Image of Hashim Thaci (Source: https://flic.kr/p/5RgryL)

Hashim Thaci

Former President

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